Research Has Revealed The Reason Behind The Discoloration Of Taj Mahal
The Taj Mahal’s is looking for regular cleaning to maintain its incredible appearance, and researchers know the reason behind this. Research shows that airborne carbon particles and dust are turning this white landmark into brown.
Recently a study of American and Indian archaeologists has stated that dusty Taj Mahal is losing its whiteness due to air pollution. Prof. Michael Bergin from the School of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences at the Georgia Institute of Technology led a research and said that carbon particles, fossil fuels and dust are changing the Taj’s colour. Heavy traffic and pollution in the city is responsible for this.
Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), Indian Institute of Technology at Kanpur, and also the University of Wisconsin are involved in this research and the study is based on the data taken during November 2011 to June 2012.
Built between 1600 and 1636 by Mughal emperor Shah Jahaan, in the memory of his wife Mumtaz, the Taj Mahal is one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The study of the huge dome stated that the Taj Mahal needs immediate attention.
Though the monument witnesses millions of visitors every year, it was declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. The current conditions are putting a question mark on the life of this iconic monument. Located in wide open area at the bank of dried Yamuna river, the Taj is now in trouble. The current study was based on small specimens taken from the original marble used on Taj Mahal. These specimens were analyzed for more than two months and finally the reports are showing that Taj needs regular cleaning and serious actions.
A few years ago a different study revealed that Taj can be in trouble due to its weak foundation and structure. But the study is still pending. Researchers should also pay attention towards this. The reports state that the Taj was exposed to various carbonic elements that are harmful for the monument.
Researchers believe that the reason behind the discoloration is environmental conditions, traffic and other activities by farmers in the region are damaging the monument. To make sure, they applied their particles to the specimen. The results proved that researchers are right about the discoloration of the Taj Mahal.
The Archaeological Survey of India said that Taj Mahal needs mud-pack therapy every year to protect the colour and shine. Before this, the therapy was given only once every five years but now it needs more attention.